In principle, there are two different ways in which Eurojust manages requests, depending on their urgency: either through a rapid response or through coordinated investigations and prosecutions.
1. Rapid response
If the request requires immediate follow-up, urgent action is discussed and agreed by the parties involved. Swift connections between the National Desks are key. Desks may also draw on the assistance of judicial cooperation advisors in Eurojust’s Casework Unit, including for urgent translations.
2. Coordinated investigations and prosecutions
When the parties discuss the case, they may decide to take further coordinated actions against the individuals or groups suspected of the crime:
- identification of the key counterparts that need to be involved, including third States if relevant;
- in close cooperation with Europol, data analysis including cross-matching of data and identifying connections with other investigations;
- the organisation of case-specific coordination meetings with national authorities (judiciary and law enforcement) to discuss the way forward and prepare the timely use of judicial cooperation instruments including the European Arrest Warrant and the European Investigation Order, mutual legal assistance requests and freezing/confiscation orders. Other key matters include how to prevent conflicts of jurisdiction as well as double jeopardy/ne bis in idem and how to ensure the admissibility of evidence in court in the country where the suspect will be put on trial;
- the formation of joint investigation teams (JITs), to which Eurojust can provide legal, practical and financial support; and
- planning of joint action days, which may be steered in real time from the coordination centre at Eurojust, including the simultaneous arrest of suspects, searches of houses and other properties, and the seizure of illicit goods or other assets.