Controlled delivery is an investigative tool. It permits transportations of illegal or suspect consignments to enter, cross or exit the territory of one or more Member States. These deliveries are made with the knowledge, and under the supervision of, the competent authorities of the involved States, to progress the investigation of the offence and identify potential suspects.
In a transnational drug trafficking case, for example, controlled delivery enables law enforcement to monitor and gather evidence on subsequent distribution by an organised crime group (OCG) or by other members of an illegal supply chain. In this way, law enforcement personnel investigating the suspects are able to better understand the specific roles played by different members of these organisations.
The application of controlled delivery as an investigative method can be especially complex in cross-border investigations where coordination actions are taken by authorities in multiple different States. Within its mandate to enable judicial cooperation in investigations and prosecutions, Eurojust works with judicial and law enforcement authorities to anticipate and resolve problems arising from controlled deliveries.