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Action against fraud in horsemeat trade taken by Eurojust and Member States

DE / FR / NL

Disclaimer: This press release was translated from the original language. Eurojust cannot be held responsible for the quality of the translation. In the event of any discrepancies, please consult the original version of the press release.

24 April 2015

Today, a coordination centre run by Eurojust and led by the French Desk succeeded in stopping an organised criminal network involved in trade in illegal horsemeat. Police and judicial authorities from France, Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the UK were involved in the common action day, including, among others, 100 officers of the Gendarmerie Nationale of France, three of whom were present in Belgium, 100 officers from the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority, and Belgian officers, some of whom were present in France, Luxembourg and Germany.

French authorities estimate that between 2010 and 2013, 4 700 horses unfit for human consumption were slaughtered and introduced into the legal food chain. Four hundred horse passports with anomalies were detected in France alone. Due to falsification, suppression and/or modification of official health documentation by the group, the horsemeat, deemed unfit for human consumption, was able to fraudulently enter the European food chain. According to EU food chain legislation, the provenance of all meat must be accounted for and traceable.

Investigations into the main suspect, a Belgian national operating from Belgium, began in Belgium in November 2012, led by an Investigating Judge from the Tribunal de Première Instance of the Province of Luxembourg (Division Arlon), Belgium. France started their investigation in July 2013, led by an Investigating Judge from the Tribunal de Grande Instance of Marseille (Pôle Santé Publique).

These investigations revealed links to the activities of this organised criminal group in other Member States, such as Ireland and the Netherlands. As a result of information received from Belgium and France, Kent Police also commenced an investigation in the UK.

Eurojust’s support provided the opportunity for the Member States affected to discuss the most efficient common judicial strategy and response.

Two coordination meetings were organised by and held at Eurojust in 2015. Eurojust provided analytical support throughout the investigation.

A joint investigation team (JIT) was formed between France and Belgium in May 2014, with funding for the JIT provided by Eurojust. Latest developments in the case led to the JIT being extended towards the UK this month.

Key figures at the time of issuance of this press release

  • 26 arrests made;
  • EUR 37 000 in cash seized;
  • More than 200 horses will be examined by veterinary services;
  • Dozens of searches of commercial and private premises were carried out; and
  • More than 800 horse passports were seized, as well as medication, dozens of microchips and computer equipment.


A joint investigation team (JIT) is a team consisting of judges, prosecutors and law enforcement authorities, established for a fixed period and a specific purpose by way of a written agreement between the involved States, to carry out criminal investigations in one or more of the involved States.

Eurojust’s coordination centres are held on the action day and are used to coordinate the operations at judicial level in the involved countries. Eurojust’s coordination centres facilitate real-time information exchange between judicial and law enforcement authorities and enable on-the-spot decision-making and immediate response by national judicial authorities to new developments. Coordination centres also provide all involved countries with an up-to-date overview of the operations and results.

Requests for interviews or comments regarding this case should be directed to the relevant national authorities.

For all Eurojust press releases, please see (Press centre)